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Are Shower and Toilet Drains the Same Size?
No! There are several reasons why the two differ in size: Shower drain Have a fast flow rate of more than 32 liters per minute, have smaller flange and waste pipe sizes while toilet drains have a slower flow rate of around 2-3 gallons per minute (GPM), and have a larger flange and waste pipe sizes.
|Factor||Shower Drain||Toilet Drains|
|Different Flow Rates||Have a fast flow rate of more than 32 liters per minute.||Have a slower flow rate of around 2-3 gallons per minute (GPM).|
|Different Types of Waste||Soapy water and can cope with smaller drain pipes.||Flush away solid waste, so they need to be bigger.|
|Different Waste Distances||You can situate shower drains higher as they don’t need to go very far.||You can locate toilet drains lower than shower drains, so they need to reach further.|
|Physical Details||Are built thicker so they can last longer despite only having to clear soapy water.||Are made thinner and larger to deal with more solid waste.|
|Fittings||Have smaller flange and waste pipe sizes.||Have larger flange and waste pipe sizes.|
|Fitting Material||They make shower fittings from a cheaper metal, so they are more fragile and have a limited lifespan||They make toilet fittings from brass, so they are solid and don’t corrode easily.|
Can A Shower and Toilet Share the Same Vent?
A vent is a pipe you install when you don’t vent fixtures outside.
This plumbing system will maintain air pressure in a building, preventing water from siphoning back down into the drains and possibly causing sewer gas to seep into the building.
Yes! If your shower and toilet have separate trap arms, they can share the same vent. Using this system will prevent moisture build-up in either of your rooms, which is one of the primary reasons.
I recommend installing a ventilation chimney to take in the bathroom exhaust and kitchen exhaust fan.
All you require for this system is an extra-long chimney with a vaulted vent cap to accommodate the shower and toilet, or in other words: A linear run.
However, if you use this system and intend to use something other than the warming feature of a steam shower, make sure you only size your chimney a little smaller than the PCV pipe diameter running out of your bathroom.
If you are going for a traditional shower head, ensure the chimney vent is at least as wide as the shower head and about twice as long.
Once you install your system, you can control vented water use with your toilet or shower by adjusting the height of either device from the overflow tube.
If you have more than one toilet and multiple showers in your home, consider installing restricted venting in each room separately.
This way, you can un-vent one or both of them when you shower or use the toilet.
How Do You Vent a Toilet Sink and Shower Together?
You can vent a toilet sink and shower together by connecting them to a single vent stack. There are all sorts of different ways, depending on the layout of your home.
Likely, you’ll need to install a vent stack through your roof. You can use PVC, CPVC, or cast-iron pipe.
You may also need to install a new cleanout on the floor, allowing you to remove any blockages in your plumbing system.
To vent a toilet, sink, and shower together, start by disconnecting the faucet lines from the sink and shower. Next, remove the bowl from the toilet and remove the vent stack.
The vent stack is typically located directly below the bowl.
You now have an access hole at this point. So, use a bucket or basin to catch any water left in there, so you can drain it later on when you have everything hooked up again.
You don’t have to run the drain line from the toilet to the sink because it will create a vacuum effect and pull water through that line.
If you use a CPVC pipe, you will want to cut it in half.
Then you can use two 90-degree elbows and install them on one side of your existing vent stack, then install another 90-degree elbow on the opposite side of your existing vent stack.
You will then connect these 90-degree elbows to the cold-water feed from your shower and the hot water from your sink. This way, you have a vent stack that connects the toilet and shower in one connection.
How Far Can the Shower Drain Be from The Vent Stack?
Your shower drain should be 6 feet away from the vent stack. This helps to avoid a possible flood of the drain and vent.
The space will help to prevent flooding in the event of an overflow from the vent stack or the drain.
Also, this distance allows an air gap between the drain and the shower head to prevent clogs and pipelines from breaking.
One thing to know is that you can design the vent stack to provide air movement to drain pipes.
For example, the vents on top of a shower enclosure can have openings at the bottom, allowing air in and out of the sink and drain.
At the same time, you should not place a vent stack directly next to the shower drain because this may cause water pressure problems.
This will make it more difficult for water in the pipe to move through, and it could result in clogs due to sediment buildup, which could cause flooding.
The rule of thumb is that you want the shower drain at least 6 feet away from the vent stack.
The vent is a straight vertical pipe that extends through the roof to at least 2 feet above the highest point of your vent stack.
The vent is the part of the plumbing system that allows air to move in and out of your home’s plumbing, whether it’s from a kitchen sink drain or shower drains.
Vent pipes usually run up through the roof outside. You might hear it called an exhaust or stack pipe.
Can A Toilet Be Wet-Vented?
Yes! You can wet vent your toilet if it has an overflow or the tank fills up. The water will flow out of the toilet and into a container you have connected to the outside of your drainage system.
But, you should not wet vent a toilet if it only has a flush valve. If you do, there won’t be any water when you flush, and the tank will fill up with air.
Otherwise, wet venting can help keep your drain pump from cycling on if you want to save money on your utility bills. This will bring more water out of the tank than is needed for flushing.
If you want to save water, you can choose not to mix the water and waste.
This way, you won’t need to flush as often, but it is helpful for winter when there may be even less water pressure than usual in your home.
On the other hand, if you live in an area with higher than normal water pressure or if you find yourself flushing more often.
Then wet venting won’t save any water because you will draw the waste out of the tank much faster than it could ever drain on its own.
Does Each Toilet Need Its Vent?
Yes! Each toilet needs its vent for proper ventilation. And if you are the owner of a new toilet, you’ll want to ensure you take care of this.
You should install the vent at least six feet from the floor and three feet away from any walls. Moreover, you should direct the vent pipe outside or away from your house to prevent odors from entering.
Adding a second vent to an existing toilet is not recommended because the added air volume may cause the toilet to run constantly.
The water pressure and volume of the flush may force air through the vent instead of into the toilet bowl, resulting in odors in the house.
The bowl must be dry before putting the lid down on a new toilet to help prevent odors.
The minimum toilet vent length is 4 inches. If the distance from the roof to the vent termination point is greater than 4 feet, you need to increase the vent length.
Increasing the vent length by a factor of two will reduce pressure loss along the vent.
You must calculate venting for two or three fixtures because a single common vent cannot handle the necessary volume, which can cause the toilet to run constantly and create odors in your house.
The minimum diameter for one fixture is ¾”, and for two fixtures, 1½”.
The maximum vent pressure for new construction is about 2 pounds per square inch.
When venting existing plumbing, you must watch the pressure loss along the vent because when the pressure drops below that of existing plumbing, odors from the toilet bowl may reach your home.
What Is The Code For A Shower Drain?
|The “P-trap”||P-traps are typically 1 ¼ inches in diameter.|
|The “Siphon drain.”||1 1/4″ x 32/40mm or 1 1/2″ x 40/50mm;|
|The “Grating floor Drain.”||25×22 mesh, heel-guard 50×11 mesh, heavy bars 25×8 and double slot with surface in 6mm plate.|
|The “Drain pan.”||Width from 12 inches to 36 inches (304.8mm to 914.4mm) and in length from 24 inches to 60 inches (609.6mm to 1524.0mm).|
|The “Air Admittance Valve.”||Should be sized to be half the pipe diameter of the drain it is serving.|
|The “Exit vent.”||Not be less than 2m in width and 1.2m in height.|
How Do You Tell If a Drain Is Shared?
1. Check with Your Local Water Authority
Local water authorities keep reports on their water usage. They are the best source of information on total consumption and the number of households using that particular sewer system.
If you need help, call your local water authority to find out how many people’s drains use that specific sewer system.
2. Check with The Sewerage Company
Inspection of your local sewerage can often reveal the number of households connected. Again, feel free to call the sewerage company to ask about what cabling and pipelines are in use.
3. Check with Your Plumber
Ask your plumber or call the plumbers union if it needs to be more obvious outside of your building. They will be well aware of how many houses share the same drain.
4. Identify and Compare Houses
Comparing a shared drain to a house with its private sewer is helpful. This gives you a point of comparison and helps to reveal whether your house is one of several sharing a single drain or whether it has its private pipe.
5. Check Your Property Deeds
If you have deeds, look for references to shared drains. This will be more helpful if you’re planning to sell your house but might give you a clue as to what’s going on beneath the ground.
6. Check the Sewer Map
Most sewerage companies publish their sewerage maps on the internet. If your house is a shared drain, you’ll be able to see where to locate the drains.
This might reveal whether any shared lines might confound your efforts at pumping away water.
How Far Can a Toilet Be from The Main Drain?
Your toilet should be at most 4 meters, with a minimum slope of 2% from the main drain to the toilet. Anything below this will cause backups, clogs, and overflows in your home.
The wastewater from your toilet comes out at a pressure of about 10 pounds per square inch, and you don’t want any of this water back up through the pipe because that could result in sewer gas entering your home.
If a backup happens, you can easily fix it using a plunger or running water in the opposite direction. This will flush everything away and restore the proper flow to your pipes.
But you must take a specific distance from your main drain into account. If your toilet is located more than 4 meters away from the main drain, water will not flow to your toilet properly.
This distance is known as a jet effect and depends on how high the water table in your area is.
For example, if you are lucky enough to be situated in a room with no high-water table, you can have toilets up to 7 meters away from the main drain.
Your distance from the main drain must be higher if you have a high water table.
|Main Stack||Should be no more than 6 feet.|
|Supply Line||6 inches to the side of the centerline.|
|From the wall||15-inch|
What Determines How Far Your Toilet Should Be from The Main Drain?
If your toilet drain is at least 5 inches in diameter and you flush it with at least 20-40 litres of water, it should be at least 3 feet away from the main drain.
If your toilet is smaller, or you flush with less water, the distance should be at least 1 foot.
When you flush a toilet, all the waste goes into a pipe that flows to the main sewer drain in your house (or building).
The only water that doesn’t go down this pipe is what’s left in the tank after flushing and before it fills up again from new gas use.
Having at least 18 inches of clearance beneath the toilet is always a good idea. If you have little kids, it’s better with 24 inches of clearance.
However, the important thing is not how far the toilet is from the floor but how far it is from the main sewer drain.
Let’s say you’re flushing a toilet with a diameter of 4 inches and that you flush it with at least 40 litres of water (1 gallon).
To determine how far the toilet should be from the drain, you need to find out which pipe it flushes into.
Some toilets have the flush lever in the middle of the bowl, so you can’t see whether your toilet takes water from a pipe at the bottom or one at the top. It’s easy to work this out.
How Many Elbows Can a Plumbing Vent Have?
Typically, one elbow is allowed, but it depends on the code in your state. Check your local plumbing codes to see if elbows have any requirements or restrictions.
Some states allow more than one elbow, but I don’t recommend exceeding two elbows because this increases the chance of a clog in the vent line.
There are a few reasons why having more than one elbow is not a good idea.
The second elbow increases the chance of sediment clogging the vent line, which can often be catastrophic when dealing with food service problems.
The second elbow also adds an extra point of failure to the vent system due to piping movement.
This is because water pressure applied during a clog can cause the piping on one side of the elbows to move, causing water flow imbalance, thus creating another potential problem.
The placement of the elbows is also essential. You can place the first elbow between the house and the storm drain system.
Place the second elbow after any fixture trap and before the stack vent. This will help prevent sediment from entering pipes and fixtures, thus promoting an easier cleanout process without replacing piping.
Less than three elbows are typically allowed in a vent line, meaning a plumbing vent can have up to two elbows. A plumbing vent can have one or three elbows, but not more.
Shower drains, toilets and sinks are a fact of daily life for many people worldwide. To improve your plumbing system, it’s essential to look at many different aspects, including how it drains into the city sewer.